What role did teachers play during the Holocaust?
Under the authority of the Third Reich, teachers were obligated to join the National Socialist Teacher’s League, which was responsible for carrying out the educational goals of the Nazi Party, and to take an oath of loyalty to the Führer, Adolf Hitler. Despite these obligations, though, teachers were still able to make individual choices. Some chose to comply with Nazi ideology, while others chose to act in opposition.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has developed materials to help today’s educators explore the pressures teachers felt under the Nazi regime, the range of decisions individuals made in the face of those pressures, and the relevance of this history now.
Oath and Opposition Workshop Dates 2019-2020:
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Please download and print the EIGHT handouts on this page before you attend the Oath and Opposition workshop:
Other resources used during the Oath and Opposition workshop:
Google Slide Presentations:
Agenda for Oath and Opposition Workshop:
8:00-8:10: Welcome and Logistics
8:10-8:30: Guidelines for Teaching the Holocaust
8:30-9:15: Rationale for Teaching the Holocaust and Evaluating Resources
9:15-10:00: Teaching the Light vs Teaching the Dark Comparison
10:10-10:30: Teachers in the Third Reich Introduction
10:30-11:15: Lesson Study: The Poisonous Mushroom
11:15-12:00: Collaboration and Complicity: Choices Teachers Faced
12:35-2:15: Oath and Opposition: Teachers in the Third Reich
2:15-2:30: Evaluations and Break
2:30-3:30: Holocaust Survivor Speaker